British Wildlife 19.3 February 2008

The ladybird, the scale and the spindle – a highly specialised relationship

Two old, large Spindle trees Euonymus europaeus in my neighbours' gardens harboured colonies of Kidney-spot Ladybirds Chilocorus renipustlatus. The ladybirds had been present for at least three years and were to be seen throughout the year, suggesting a stable relationship with their prey, mainly scale insects.

Keskadale – an oakwood on the edge Wildlife reports
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