The Effect of Urbanisation on Ancient Woodlands

In Sheffield there are about 50 blocks of amenity woodland covering 650ha. These vary in size from 1ha to the extensive Ecclesall Wood occupying 117ha. Though widely affected by hardwood-planting, they are basically oak-birch-bluebell (Quercus-Betula-Hyacinthoides) woods which from the medieval period until World War One were managed as coppice-with-standards.