The Ring Ouzel – ecology and conservation of the ‘mountain Blackbird’ in the UK

The Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatus (hereafter referred to simply as Ouzel) is a true specialist of the UK’s upland and montane areas, spending the summer on hillsides, in steep valleys and among crags, where it replaces the closely related Blackbird T. merula. Numbers have fallen sharply over the last few decades and research is beginning