RSPB Geltsdale – a case study of upland management

Geltsdale, like many parts of the uplands, had suffered degradation due to damaging land-uses such as intensive sheep-grazing, burning, and blanket-bog drainage. Since the late 1990s, however, the RSPB has taken over management of the site with the aim of improving the land for wildlife and increasing the provision of ecosystem services. Steve Garnett, Jen