Roger S K Buisson

Habitat management news

The investigation reported recently (BW 13: 218) into the relationship between breeding waders and small west features at a coastal grazing marsh in Kent looked at the 'rils' that were remnants of saltmarsh creeks, now enclosed within the sea wall. At the RSPB's Mid Yare Reserves in Norfolk, a programme has been put in place to

Habitat management news

A study (Biol Conserv 103: 33-49) by Claire Carvell, of CEH Monks Wood, into the use made by bumblebees of a section of the Salisbury Plain Training Area, Wiltshire, has identified some of the features that bumblebees Bombus look for in grassland. This large expanse of chalk grassland has areas that are extensively grazed by sheep or cattle

Habitat management news

Many habitats of wildlife importance depend on grazing to maintain them in optimum condition. However, the quality of the vegetation may not be the best to maintain the livestock in good condition. There is the possibility that with poor management the stock grazing such a site could be placed under stress and eventually suffer.

Habitat management news

Saline lagoons are a scarce habitat in the UK, and until now information on their management and creation has been difficult to find. A new guidance manual written by and issued on behalf of the UK Saline Lagoon Working Group seeks to fill that gap.

Habitat management news

The Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos has traditionally been associated with coppiced woodland in the southern and eastern counties of England. Recent survey work conducted by volunteers for the British Trust for Ornithology (BTO) has shown that breeding Nightingales have an increasing preference for scrub in low-lying river valleys. In the late 1970s, only a quarter of Nightingale territories

Habitat management news

An overview of the abilities and shortcomings of Highland cattle and their crosses as grazing animals in the uplands is provided in the papers presented at a recent conferences hosted by the Highland Cattle Society. The papers cover topics ranging from the history of the breed, through their use as grazing animals in conservation systems,

Habitat management news

Fire is used as a tool to manage vegetation, but it always carries with it the risk of running out of control. Good planning and adequate equipment are essential to cope with these risks. Ian Murgatroyed of the Forest Research arm of the Forestry Commission has recently prepared a report reviewing the equipment and techniques

Habitat management news

Japanese Knotweed Fallopia japonica is considered by many to be the most invasive of the non-native plants that have become well established in the UK. The tall, dense growth outcompetes native plants and provides a poor habitat for native wildlife. Its release into the wild, without a licence, is an offence under the Wildlife & Countryside Act

Habitat management news

Rides, Roadsides and edges are important habitats in forests, providing conditions suitable for a range of species of conservation importance. They are, however, generally subject to the process of succession, leading to colonisation and establishment of woodland. Their open nature can be maintained by grazers and browsers and/or by management.

Habitat management news

The two native birch trees, Betula pendula and B. pubescens, are not generally held in very high regard amongst foresters or conservationists, often beign referred to as 'weed trees'. They are very vigorous species in most conditions, regenerating readily from cut stumps and rapidly colonising newly cleared woodlands, fire sites, and other open land, with an abundance of

Habitat management news

The Fen Raft Spider Dolomedes plantarius occurs at only two sites in the UK, and at one of these, Redgrave and Lopham Fen National Nature Reserve on the Suffolk/Norfolk border, it has been the subject of well-publicised conservation action. Helen Smith has analysed the information on spider distribution and numbers at the site in relation to this

Habitat management news

The importance of knowing where seeds come from is an issue which has risen up the agenda of many conservation-project managers in recent years. This issue of provenance has tended to concentrate on whether or not they are native seed, where 'native' has been framed in the context of whether the seed comes from this

Habitat management news

At the heart of the recommendations that are made for the management of hedgerows for wildlife are that a hedge should be cut late in the winter and that it should not be cut each year. Two studies into hedgerow berry production and availiability by the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology have put firm figures to

Habitat management news

Most reedbeds have to be cut if they are to remain as reedbed rather than succeed to scrub and wet woodland. But how often they have to be cut and the costs and benefits to wildlife of different cutting cycles have rarely been studied in detail. Work published by Jaap Graveland (J. Avian Biology 30: 469-482)

Habitat management news

Developing solutions to habitat management problems has been a major element of the work of the Forum for the Application of Conservation Techniques (FACT). The ideas, techniques and machinery developed under its wing have now been brought together under one cover as the Practical Solutions Handbook.

Habitat management news

Tor-grass Brachypodium pinnatum is recognised as a significant problem on chalk and limestone grasslands, where it can form dominant and low-diversity stands. There are a number of options available to manage and control it. The recently published second edition of The Lowland Grassland Management Handbook (Crofts, A, & Jefferson, R G, 1999) lists grazing, mowing with the removal

Habitat management news

The decision to move a grassland, rather than protecting it from a development threat and managing it in situ, has always been a controversial one. A case study by English Nature of the translocation of a grassland in Devon provides an overview of a project which failed to achieve the objective of safeguarding the origional grassland

Habitat management news

The general wisdom in Britain is that deadwood, be it trunks or limbs, removed or fallen from trees should not be left in full sun if the aim is to maximise its value to invertebrates. As a result, site managers are generally advised to move deadwood into shade. It might be expected, though, that under

Habitat management news

A large flock of wild geese feeding steadily across a field is a delight to the eyes of most birdwatchers. The reaction of the farmer whose crop they may be reducing in value can be quite different. A nature-reserve manager might set out to increase the number of geese feeding in a nature reserve as

Habitat management news

A concise set of recommendations on good practice for grouse-moor management has been published. It is the product of collaboration between landowners, conservation bodies, research organisations and Government. Good practice for Grouse Moor Management contains habitat-management-related advice designed to benefit moorland biodiversity and Red Grouse Lagopus lagopus population.

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